- (1918- )Born in Sofia, Bulgaria, he became involved in socialist Zionism at an early age. He immigrated (see ALIYA) to Palestine in 1939 and soon became active in the Hagana. He entered politics in 1944, joining the Socialist League, which later helped to form Mapam. He became secretary general of the party in 1979 and served as a member of the Knesset since 1961. Following the Yom Kippur War (1973), Shemtov and fellow cabinet minister Aharon Yariv advocated Israel's recognition of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in exchange for PLO recognition of Israel and disengagement from terror. The so-called Yariv-Shemtov formula was rejected by the Rabin-led coalition government in 1974 and by the Israel Labor Party platform committee. Nevertheless, the core component of the Yariv-Shemtov formula—mutual recognition between Israel and the PLO—was instituted in the context of the Oslo Accords of September 1993.
Historical Dictionary of Israel. Bernard Reich David H. Goldberg. Edited by Jon Woronoff..
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